Fish River Canyon Hiking Trail


The Fish River Canyon in Namibia is the largest canyon in Africa and you know it when you’re there. The hike is 90kms long, but if you take all the shortcuts it works out to about 75km. It starts at the view site at Hobas and finishes at the Ai-Ais resort.

Original Hiking Federation map. Click to download PDF version.

Over the last year we have happily been invited on four multi-day hikes. In December 2016, we did the Otter Trail, in March 2017 we did Witels, we have just completed the Fish River (September 2017), and we’re heading for the Whale Trail in October 2017. Of the three done in the past year, the Fish River has been my favourite. The expanse and environment that one walks through is immense and creates a feeling of surrendered independence – it is just you, surrounded by ancient rocks, sand, water and your backpack. It is a stark landscape, and one needs to be entirely self-sufficient. It is awesome.

Getting there


Although it is far, the drive up from Cape Town is beautiful and it really doesn’t feel too bad. That is, until you get two flat tyres just 20km from Ai-Ais and you’re stranded in the middle of the freakin’ desert. Luckily for us, our first flat happened just as our friends passed us and they had the savvy to realise that when we hadn’t arrived at Ai-Ais two hours after them, they came back looking for us.

[If this ever happens to any of you, get hold of Danie at Rassies Breakdown Service (+264811247141) – they were superstars. They collected our car, towed it to safety and replaced our tyres, all while we were hiking in the mighty canyon.]

It worked really well sleeping at Ai-Ais before (and after) the hike. Their campsite is a fantastic option – just make sure to book all of this well in advance, as they don’t do last minute bookings. The resort arranged a shuttle for us to the start of the hike.

Day 1


We only began hiking at 12:00 because our shuttle from Ai-Ais was a little late…but all in good time, as they say. I had been warned many times about the extreme hike down into the canyon on day 1 at the start of the hike. While it is very steep, it’s not half as hectic as the entry into the Witels, and so I was pleasantly surprised and found it manageable.


At the bottom of the descent, we were greeted by the most beautiful, sandy beach with a big pool of water (and a friendly baboon) and had a most welcome swim to revive ourselves. After lunch we walked on for a few km’s and then found a soft spot on the banks of the river to sleep.


Most people I’d spoken to prior to hiking the Fish advised that it gets freezing at night. Apparently, it can also get really windy at night and tents are recommended so that one doesn’t breathe in wind-blown sand. However, we struck it lucky because it didn’t rain during our trip and we had no wind – in fact, it was balmy in the evenings. Some of our group even chose to sleep out in the open.

Day 2


Day two started with slow hiking through thick sand and over big boulders, and it was very hot. Luckily for us, there was still a fair bit of water in the river and so we found many pools for cheeky little swims along the way!


We spent that night at Palm Springs and, once the sun had set, we really enjoyed the heat of the natural sulphur hot pools that you find there (it sounds stinky, but it was pretty glorious).


We had only covered about 18km in total over the first two days, but the terrain changed so much thereafter that in the following three days we managed to cover about 20km each day, and that included some really long lunch breaks.

Day 3


On our third day, we started walking before sunrise in anticipation of what we knew was going to be a hot day. Besides it feeling rather adventurous waking up and getting ready in the dark, watching the canyon light up as we walked the morning in was pretty special.


Throughout the day, the terrain changed from rocks to boulders to soft sand to hard sand to expanses of desert – needless to say, there was not much desire for chirpy conversation, and a contemplative ‘one-foot-in-front-of-the-other’ approach was the order of the day.

Day 4

Day 4 was a long day and we started early again. This was the day with the most shortcuts – which made it shorter (obviously), but also meant that we had a change in scenery as we hiked up and over koppies rather than only on the flat in the canyon. In addition to endless sand and rocks, there is a surprising amount of life in the canyon. We saw wild horses, zebra, kudu, baboons, hundreds of species of birds and all sorts of lizards, bugs and spiders. However, it was the rock formations that really caught my attention – they range in shape and form, and are so spectacular that I constantly found myself wondering why on earth this one looked like this, or that one like that.


The further we went, the river got noticeably drier with less pools to swim in. Luckily, it was a lot cooler than the first few days, and so the need for swims wasn’t as great. On one of the shortcuts we encountered a troop of very curious baboons. They weren’t threatening or aggressive at all, but it was a reminder to close our bags up when we stopped for rests or at our overnight camping spots, so that the baboons didn’t steal any precious food.

Day 5


On the morning of day 5, we spent a lot longer at camp, enjoying the sunrise and relaxing into the last day of the hike. The hiking on day 5 is by far the easiest, with pretty flat, hard terrain. It took us much quicker than we had anticipated to get to Ai-Ais – when we reached the 80km point there was a little bit of sadness realising that it was almost all over!


  • We did the hike in 5 days, but some people do it in 4 days and others in 6 days. The stretches are long. If your mind is in need of a meditation then this is the perfect multi-day hike for you.
  • If you want to take the shortcuts make sure to take a map. Slingsby Maps recently released an official Fish River Canyon hiking trail map. We had three different maps between us and they were all…well, quite different! Typically, we’d compare maps and then judge which one made the most sense at the time. I think it might be surprisingly easy to get lost in the canyon as well, so I don’t suggest venturing too far away from others in your group. One of our group had done the Fish before, and on the last day of his previous trip he had hiked an extra 15km because he drifted from the group and took a wrong turn!
  • Even if you don’t expect high temperatures, I’d really recommend starting out before sunrise. In addition, shady spots (and trees) are a scarce commodity, so if you’re hungry for lunch and find an alluring spot with a pool or shade, then take it!
  • We were there over the full moon period, which was great because the canyon was illuminated at night, making it easy to get around in the dark, but I think the stars must be pretty spectacular if you book on a new moon.
  • You must have a doctor’s certificate saying that you are well enough to do the hike.
  • Make sure you’ve got your car papers (& passport) when crossing into Namibia and that your car insurance covers Namibia too.
  • I imagine that this hike is radically different depending on when you do it. If you do it at the beginning of the season when there is lots of water then I imagine you’ll be facing many, many river crossings. Speak to some other people who have hiked it before to find out the relevant information depending on the time of year and weather, but mostly just go ahead and book it.
  • Lastly, please don’t litter! Carry only what you need, decant everything possible so you are not carrying unnecessary weight (like glass bottles), and make sure you take rubbish bags along – as with all natural environments, what goes in must come out. Be a considerate hiker (and human)!

The folks at “No Speed Limit” compiled an extremely thorough article that contains a lot of very useful logistical information about doing the Fish River Canyon hike.


The Fish River Canyon hiking trail is a fantastic, unique experience. Once you descend into the canyon, you truly escape from the outside world. As special as the hike is, it is also unique in its challenges. The desert environment is harsh on one’s body and mind and dehydration can quickly set it in if left unchecked. Make sure you have an experienced hiker in your group.

Beauty: 4 (out of 5): Magnificent and uniquely beautiful. The only reason it’s not a 5 is due to a lack of variation.
Difficulty (fitness): 7-8 (out of 10): Difficult i.e. Need to be fit for long distances. The desert environment is also uniquely challenging.
Technical rating of trail: The terrain varies from hard-packed sand to soft sand as well as boulder hopping, which can be quite challenging with a heavy backpack. There are also minor river crossings along the trail.
Duration: 5 Days

Things to remember:

  • Sunblock
  • A big hat
  • Hiking boots (some of our group walked in takkies but their feet got pretty sore and full of sand)
  • Water purification drops & filter to remove debris
  • Warm clothes
  • Long shirt for the sun
  • Rehydrate
  • Keep your pack as light as possible

How to book:

Bookings can be made through Namibia Wildlife Resorts
Cape Town Office
Tel: +27 21 422 3761


  1. Did the hike for the first time this year. Will become a regular hike for me! Absolutely stunning place. Just got annoyed with all the wet wipes! I wish people would realise that they are plastic! Once dry, they burn very easily. I ended up walking with a lighter and burning all the toilet paper and wet wipes as I walked.

  2. This sounds amazing! I really want to do the hike this July – but the cold nights really do terrify me! Do you know how cold it was ?

    • It never gets terribly cold. Sometimes you might experience some light rain, but a good sleeping bag will keep you totally comfortable at night.

  3. Great read! Where would the best overnight spots be for a 3 night/4 day trip? We are a small group of fit guys.

    • Distances are based on the route when using the shortcuts:
      1st night: 19.5km (3km after Palm (sulphur) Springs)
      2nd night: 35-39km Somewhere around Baboon Mountain (multiple campsites)
      3rd night: 54km After Bandage Pass

      • Nice article, thank you, great comment’s.
        Planning for 2023.
        What will be the most appropriate month to go?
        How long before the time should bookings be made?
        Any more advice?
        Thanking you.

    • Thanks for the great article! Wish your article was around when I first hiked the Fish 😉

    • From the “No Speed Limit” article:

      The hike costs R330 per person and is secured via a deposit of 10% (2018 rate). A minimum of 3 persons in your group is required to make a booking. The rate will increase from 01 November 2018 to R500 per person. Once at Hobas, you will need to pay park entry fees of R60 (SADC citizens) and R80 (foreign visitors).

      It is recommended that you overnight at either Hobas or Ai-Ais before and after the hike. Camping at Ai Ais will set you back R210 per person per night.

  4. A group of us are going next year March/April 2019. I have never hiked before and dont know what to pack in. The only thong I know is that i must have i good backpack, hiking boots and a sleeping bag…..the rest i don’t know. Please assist wit advise and tips

  5. I would love to do the hike 2019. But i do not have 2 more people to go with. Can i join a group that is already there??

  6. My boyfriend and I have booked to go on the 5th of May, we are looking for a pair or third person to join us.

  7. I have been privileged to get 6 spots for July this year. Leaving SA on the 13th July, and will start hiking on the 15th. Walk out in Ai-Ais on the 19th. Can’t wait and am currently exercising with 10kg in my backpack. Don’t forget the mosquito repelent.

    • Hi Adri, we are going in 2 days before you. if you haven’t hiked it before I would really recommend speaking to so of the Fish river veterans, people who have done 5 or more hikes through the canyon. They really give good advise on places to sleep an where to cross etc.

      The Slingsby map is quite accurate in my experience and will be a handy addition to your inventory.

      We never hike with tents and we have people in the group thats done 23 Fish River hikes.

      A nice ground sheet of drimag material helps alot to keep the sand out of you bag.

      Hope you enjoy the hike!!

  8. Love the Fish River. Going for my third time this year!

    Just a note: the Fish river canyon does not feature close to the top of the largest canyon lists in world. It is the largest canyon in Africa though.

  9. I will be hiking for 3rd time. Starting on 21 May 2019. Have one more spot if anyone interested.

  10. Hi, my husband and I want to do the hike between now and July 2020 and we are looking for people to join as we are only two people

  11. We are a group of 7 planning to hike the Fish river canyon from 27 to 31 May 2020. We could only purchase 6 permits from Wildlife Namibia. We are looking for contact details of groups we could approach or groups who will also be hiking in that time – hopeful that a member might have decided to pull out for some reason and that we will be able to buy the permit from that group.
    Or any other suggestion on how to purchase an extra permit – it seems the limit for that period is full so we cannot get another permit from Wildlife Namibia which is why we are looking to get hold of an already bought permit?

    Kind regards
    Melissa Burger
    Tel 076 410 9006
    Pretoria, South Africa

  12. Hi Melissa
    Contact NWR (Madelaine manager) to assist you, Always very helpful.
    She can connect you for that extra spot.
    Did FRC 9 times and its my adventure holiday, awesome awesome to me. Not possible to do the hike this year .. lockdowns of covid19. If all goes well, 2021 will be another FRC adventure
    Hope all goes well and you get your 7th spot.

    Mogamat Williams

  13. As far as we know, the minimum age limit for the Fish River Canyon hike is 13, but you can contact Namibia Wildlife Resorts Cape Town office for more info:
    Telephone: +27 (0)21 422 3761

  14. Hi. I am interested in doing the Fish River Canyon hike. Are there any hiking club, group that I can join?

  15. Hello

    My girlfriend and myself were very keen to go in 2021 but we just cant get a booking because of this years covid delays.

    Any group with two spots available we would gladly take them.

    crossing fingers and toes.

  16. To the gentlemen who helped my sister on Tuesday afternoon on the 10th of May 2021…your kindness to her will never be forgotten…thank you gor calling for help. She is very ill but is in good hands…I am eternally grateful to you guys.

  17. Hi there
    Do you still do hiking now with Covid 2021?
    Would love to do the FRC, when is the best time to do so?

  18. Beplan jy om die visrivier te stap? Jubel, die antwoord is JA. Ek stel voor dat elke persoon minstens iets soortgelyk in hulle lewe doen.

    Op dag 1 was ons ‘n vriendekring van 5 wat vooraf saam so een keer Paarlberg aangevat het. Teen dag twee het ek as 24-jarige dame ‘n liefde gevorm vir die 60-jariges wat vir die vyfde keer hierdie avontuur aanpak.

    Die stilte is onvergelykbaar, maaaar jy stres teen hierdie tyd waarskynlik so ‘n bietjie. Kom ek stel jou gerus en skets vir jou rofweg ‘n prentjie van hoe ons dit gedoen het en wat ek sou voorstel.

    Ek het ‘n aparte sak gepak met klere vir voor en na die hike. Geniet daardie laaste warm stort. Jy gaan binnekort net op dag 2 bietjie warm water kry.

    Hoe het ons dae gelyk?
    Ons het as groep van 12 saam gestap. Jy begin met ‘n afdraen wat sowat 2km duur. Dit is eintlik die moeilikste gedeelte omdat jy heeltyd briek en nog al jou gewig in jou sak dra. Hierna word die pad redelik geleidelik met so paar op en afdraende.

    Op 22 Julie het ons om 08:30 begin stap. Elke 30 tot 45 minute het ons vir sowat 15-minute gerus. Vanaf dag 2 kan jy maar jouself gereed maak om tydens hierdie stoppe jou skoene se sand uit te skud.

    Gewoonlik het ons in die oggende 07:00 opgestaan, beskuit geeët, koffie gedrink en opgepak om teen 08:30 te begin. Ek het persoonlik ‘n pynpilletjie en rehydrate sommer vroegoggend gedrink. Na 90-minute het ons vir ontbyt gestop. Dit was so 45-minute lank. Hier kan jy vir jou water skep, dit skoon maak met filterdruppels wat mens by Cape Union Mart koop en jou gasstovie uitkry vir koffie of future life. Maak seker dat jou gasstovie by sy bokant pas. Party draai in en ander klip in.

    Ek het mixed nuts, biltong, ‘n bar of ‘n ander peuselhappie geeët. Dit was in ‘n travel sakkie voor my lyf sodat ek deurentyd ‘n happie kon neem en room op my hande sit. Die lug is droog. Smeer maar lipice gereeld aan. Ek was mal daaroor om sommer met die aankomslag in die rivier te swem en af te koel. Teen die einde van die 45-minute het die son en wind my weer droog gebak. Op een dag het iemand in die span voorgestel dat almal vir 5-minute doodstil sit en net die stilte in neem. Dit was ongelooflik!! As jy bietjie terug val of vooruit loop ervaar jy dieselfde stilte. Stap so lank as moontlik met langmouklere om jou vel te beskerm.

    Spring in die water om te was terwyl jy nog warm gestap is! Sodra jy afkoel is dit moeiliker om jouself te oorreed. Ek en my vriendin het bietjie gestrek. Dit het gehelp keer dat ons styf word. Die kos was hierna gemaak. Ons het in groepies van 2-3 saam beplan. Dit is net lekkerder. Veral as almal saam om ‘n vuur asem skep.

    Het jy al ooit ‘n maanopkoms gesien? Onder hierdie sterrekoepel is dit verseker iets wat ek geniet het. Trek die Suiderkruis saam en vind die Drie Susters. Sommige van ons het onder die sterre geslaap en ander het tent opgeslaan. Gooi dadelik jou slaapsak uit sodat dit kan begin hitte genereer. Indien jy ‘n tent neem, slaap minstens een dag onder die sterre. Dit is ‘n ander ervaring wat net hier veilig is. Ons het dun matrassies by Mr Price Sport teen R99 gekoop. Dit weeg slegs 100g. Ek moet bieg. Die fliesiekombers onder my is al wat gehelp het vir my heupbeen en skouers wat seer begin raak het teen 02:00. My klere in ‘n ziplock het gedien as ‘n kussing. Moet nie die lug uit die sakkie druk nie! Dit maak die kussing kliphard.

    OBC in ‘n klein JC sakkie is goed vir die siel net voordat jy gaan slaap. Al is dit net op die eerste aand. ‘n thermo broek, hemp, sokkies en ‘n vere baaidjie het my warm gehou. Was jou gesig met rivierwater of gebruik ‘n wetwipe. Borsel jou tande en vind ‘n bossie om jouself te ‘verlig’. Toiletpapier MOET verbrand word so onthou ‘n lighter. Neem in ag dat ons na die natuur moet kyk. Kry ‘n plastiek grafie om jou ontlasting te begrawe.

    My sak:
    Ek het vooraf gekyk hoe my sak moet sit. Dit was om my heupe vasgemaak en die swaarste goed was bo teen my rug geplaas.

    1. Kos vir elke dag in ‘n ziplock sakkie
    2. ‘n Peuselhappies sakkie
    3. Potjie (wat ek as my bakkie gebruik het)
    4. Koppie
    5. Spork
    6. Knipmes
    7. Spice
    8. Rooster as jy gaan braai (vries jou vleis)
    9. Koffie sashes
    10. Waterbottel en skoonmaak middel
    11. Sponsie en sunlight liquid
    12. Olie
    13. Gasstovie
    14. Lighter
    15. Aandklere
    16. Lang tight
    17. Kort tight
    18. 2 lang hempde
    19. Kort hemp
    20. Rekkie
    21. Keppie
    22. Sonbril is opsioneel
    23. Onderklere vir elke dag
    24. Sokkies vir elke dag (Ek het elke dag 2 pare gedra. ‘n Nuwe paar en die vorige dag se skoon paar bo-op).
    25. Sportshanddoek
    26. Tandeborsel en wasmiddels
    27. Kam
    28. Sonskerm
    29. Toiletpapier x1
    30. 10 wetwipes
    31. Toe skoene (strandskoene)
    32. Tekkies
    33. Tent / plastiek tafeldoek
    34. Matrassie
    35. Slaapsak en flies
    36. Pleisters x 15
    37. Savlon
    38. Graaf
    39. Selfoon vir fotos
    40. Horlosie om tyd te hou. Moet nie stap tot jy moeg is nie. Hou pas


    Dag 1: 6,6km (Mens kan bietjie verder stap)
    Dag 2: 12,1km
    Dag 3: 15,1km
    Dag 4: 16,7km
    Dag 5: 20,7km (Dit was bietjie lank en daardie bier en steak het lewens gered)

    – Beskuit
    – Rice cakes

    – Bars x5
    – Mixed nuts
    – Biltong

    – Leftover steak
    – Gevriesde Steak
    – Gedoogte mincey
    – Poeier smash
    – Wraps
    – Tuna
    – 2-minute noodles

    – Koffie sashes
    – Tee
    – Rehydrate

  19. Hi is anyone doing the hike in August around Women’s Day? We need a third person to hike with.

  20. Does anyone know what the current regulations are for taking meat over the border to Namibia?
    Are we allowed to take biltong and droëwors over for trail snacks?

  21. If anyone is interested in a more relaxed, but still worth while version of the FRC hike – Gondwana Collection offers Slack Packing (3 / 4 night) for anyone over 12 years and older – minimum 4 pax. Done it myself last year and going for the 2nd time this year – still a decent route (35kms) and very well-equipped, clean camps.

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